petty cash journal entry

Therefore, it is only appropriate to keep petty cash on hand when a trusted employee can keep an eye on it. The petty cash custodian will accumulate the receipts until such time when the petty cash fund needs replenishment. Establishing a petty cash fund for your business necessitates the creation of a petty cash accounting system. While a petty cash fund may not be necessary if you work solo, if you have even one employee, it may be worth it to set up a petty cash fund to manage those unexpected expenses petty cash properly. The petty cash log should include the date, details of the transaction, the cash you put into petty cash, the amount distributed, and a running balance. Once your running balance hits your replenishment amount, you’re ready to write a check to bring the petty cash total back to the original funded amount. You’ll also want to decide the replenishment point, which is where your expenses are recorded, and a new check is written to bring the petty cash total back to its original amount.

petty cash journal entry

Transform your accounts receivable processes with intelligent AR automation that delivers value across your business. Add a current asset account to your Chart of Accounts called Petty Cash. If you have more than one school, create separate accounts for each school. The job of a custodian is to approve expenditures, maintain records, and request reimbursements for the fund when the remaining cash is low.

Petty Cash Journal Entry Explained: What is Petty Cash and How to Record It?

At the same time, receipts are removed from the petty cash box and formally recorded as expenses. For petty cash reconciliation, subtract the amount in your petty cash fund from the amount stated in your books. Compare this amount to the total amount listed on your receipts to determine if your accounts are equal. In reality, the balance in the petty cash account is higher than the amount of cash actually in the petty cash box, since the cash in the box is continually being paid out.

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Record Disbursements

Cash is hard to secure and impossible to track; it’s very easy for bills to disappear without a trace—even if you’ve established a careful system of receipts or vouchers. Petty cash refers specifically to money—literally, coins and bills—that a company keeps on hand for small outlays, usually because using cash is easier than using a check or credit card. The custodial duties generally include enforcing petty cash rules and regulations, requesting replenishments, and dispensing funds. Tim worked as a tax professional for BKD, LLP before returning to school and receiving his Ph.D. from Penn State. He then taught tax and accounting to undergraduate and graduate students as an assistant professor at both the University of Nebraska-Omaha and Mississippi State University. Tim is a Certified QuickBooks Time Pro, QuickBooks ProAdvisor for both the Online and Desktop products, as well as a CPA with 25 years of experience. He most recently spent two years as the accountant at a commercial roofing company utilizing QuickBooks Desktop to compile financials, job cost, and run payroll.

  • Save time, reduce risk, and create capacity to support your organization’s strategic objectives.
  • Having such a system in place serves as an internal control to protect the business against theft and fraud, and it supports the larger, general ledger reconciliation process.
  • Use the Standard button to enter the regular checking account from which the petty cash will normally be deducted.
  • When companies pay amounts from the petty cash account, they will use it as a credit entry.
  • The expenses will be recorded in the company’s general ledger expense accounts when the petty cash on hand is replenished.
  • While other activities may also affect it, they are a type of the above two items.

Using a cash count sheet can be used to document the cash count, but it’s optional. To reimburse expenses, require a receipt from the employee and then provide them with the exact amount of cash and coins from the lockbox. Then, place the receipt in the lockbox and record the expense in the petty cash log by entering the date, payee, description, reference number, and amount. Most companies maintain a petty cash fund balance of anywhere from $100 to $500, but the amount will depend on your petty cash needs. To illustrate further, assume that we have a fund balance of $500.